Linggo, Abril 1, 2012

Action Research on Tardiness

Roxas St., Kidapawan City



            Punctuality is one of the virtues beyond reproach. Much of the time and wealth will be saved if this virtue will be carried out to the system of every responsible citizen. Punctuality will encompass all of the positive action in all aspects. Though it was less appreciated in other situations like productivity against punctuality, none the less, it is still very vital in situations that needed it most.

This study will determine the factors affecting students in their daily routine during school days. Always and often times being tardy in the flag ceremony, in attending classes after recess time in the morning and afternoon class sessions and during the first period in the afternoon class session. There are observed instances that during their transfer of room in their specialization subjects and other activities that needs outdoor activities, they are behind schedule in attending to it.


            There is about 20% of the IV-Pisces Class in Kidapawan City National High School who are always late in attending the flag ceremony as well as in attending to their respective classes.    

This problem had accumulated from tolerable to habitual state and it has a significant impact in their performance at school. Most of the class had been influenced by their peers and this would be embedded in their mind pattern until college and ultimately to their vocation and their adventures in life. Other students had just the difficulty in optimizing their time as their subject related activities grows in bulk. Reported incidents on online games cyber addiction were prominent and this usually happens after lunch break. To figure it out, students set aside their precedence to study and learn thus the proponent of this research had to find out. Moreover, the researcher’s intention is to isolate the primary reason of tardiness and proactive intervention will be executed so as to curtail if it will not utterly do away with the quandaries.

As the school inculcates discipline to have a world class graduates, globally competitive and well rounded individuals, the researcher had in mind to unearth the reason behind of this punctuality virtue which is annoyingly, losing its ground.

1.      Distance between residence and school
2.      Sending/Reading SMS/Calling/chatting with friends thru mobile phone
3.      Sleeping habit/ TV shows obsession
4.      Online/LAN games/Social Networking Sites(SNS) cyber compulsion
5.      Financial Constraints/Standard of Living
6.      Family Values on punctuality
7.      Mode of transportation
8.      Traffic load of the route to school
9.      Subject/class related cause
10.  Teacher related cause
11.  Peer Influence/Camaraderie
12.  Bullying/ stress factor
13.  Classroom supervision


The study will be conducted within the class of Fourth Year – Pisces students. This group of student belongs to Science Curriculum Program of Kidapawan City National High School and considered as outstanding students of the Fourth year level. This group of student, total to 61 individuals, was also under the advisory of the researcher and the survey questions will be delimited to obtaining primary and secondary reasons of tardiness as well as assessing related factors underlying therewith.

Information acquired and provided by students will be used to confirm or negate the feasible causes which were earlier stated. The result of the survey will then contribute insight in planning and drafting of the solutions in addressing the said problems being identified that needs appropriate action. An Action plan will be the final output of the said research to be implemented upon approval of the school administrator.

The researcher will use a sampling method with inquiries which is not answerable by yes or no. The researcher arbitrarily selects this group of students for they well represent a typical student which his/her primary aim is to learn and excel in school. Moreover, the problem on tardiness was very observable in this group of students while they are supposedly being a model to other students.


The survey was done utilizing the survey questions (please see attached Survey Sheet) and the result was tallied and will be scrutinized accordingly. The complexity of the Survey Sheet was intentionally prepared to extract valid and trustworthy answers from the subject population. The explicit outcome of the answers will be categorized in factors that affect their punctuality values in attending to their classes or other learning related activities.

This will be classified as Internal and External factors and further be classified according to the details of each factor. The elucidation of the findings will be presented in non-statistical and technical languages which will generally benefit the readers as well as the subject of the study. Thus, the presentation will be done according to the intention of the researcher to shed light on this tricky rationalization.


            The table below is representing the personal factor of every student which comprehensively supports the reasons in being late with; attending to classes, flag ceremony, and submitting paper works, etc. This information gives us the detail on how they spend their residual time after classes or while class is going on. This clearly shows that friends/peer influence plays vital role in student’s life; secondary is the compulsion with TV shows and the pre-occupation of mobile phone to student’s attention as well as the household chores that was understandably assigned to young adolescents in their share of tasks at home.


                                                                             Figure 1.1

The table below (figure 1.2) supports the leniency of students in their study. Basically, a sound mind needs adequate sleep to function well especially in learning lessons at school. Adequacy on the number of hours of sleep per individual vary by its age category. A typical student in adolsecent stage needs 8-10 hours of sleep to have a keener sense of understanding the lessons all through out the day. A student who have a complete 10 hours of undisturbed and sounding sleep was generally gaining outstanding results in academic excellence.

                The graph below represent the sleep habit of the subject which was generally falls at 9:00 pm and 10:00 pm. If a student would sleep at 10:00 pm and should wake up at 5:00 am, therefore, the student had only 7 hours of sleep, this 1 to 3 hours depravation of sleep has significant effect on the learning period of every student. This would affect the mood, span of attention and mental aptitude.

                                                  Figure 1.2

Figure below (Figure 1.3) represents a small fraction on student’ outlook with respect to their study habit and school attendance. This was noted by the researcher for this small but dominant few had made significant stimulus in students who are easily influenced because of varied reasons. As the primary source of education, the parents should ultimately understand the right of every child for education and underlying obligations related therein. Parents and or guardians who are being complacent would greatly affect child’s performance at school. Valuing the education has more on affirmative impact on the chart below with the students who are positively reinforced by parents.

  Figure 1.3

            To give due consideration on other factors that affects the schedules of the student, the researcher made a survey on the following:


        Figure 1.5

       Figure 1.6

Figure 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6 represents the external factors that affect tardiness of the students. Figure 1.4 states the distance of home to school and figure 1.5 will represent the mode of transportation/ utility to reach school and the time allotted to travel to school was shown at figure 1.6. In figure 1.4, it shows that 36% of the students were living at the distance of more than 2 kilometers and most these students had tricycle as the mode of transportation and they had to travel more or less 20 to 30 minutes to reach school. With these figure representation, a student would likely be late for school since the time allotted for travel is almost or half of the hour, they need to wake up early and prepare. A typical student needs 1.5 hours to prepare and travel to school, they should wake up as early as 5:00 am to have ample time for preparation and allocate time threshold for travel if the student aspires punctuality.

Figure below shows the information on the student’s attitude towards punctuality in attending their subjects. The information is a negative reaction towards the subject thus affecting attendance and punctuality. Ranking first is the Science subject and followed by mathematics. The negative attitude towards this subject is mainly brought by dislike of the subject itself.


     Figure 1.8

The figure above confirms the hypothesis of having students at 20 % (+/-) who are being late in attending the classes, flag ceremony and other learning related activities. The figure further states the factors that significantly affect the student’s performance at school.

The researcher made an extra mile in identifying other factors which might affect the attitude towards learning by including the information gathering which was shown at figures 1.7 and 1.8. There was an indication that student had significantly disliked the subjects of Science and Mathematics and might be the reason for leniency in their study. The aversion towards the matter is merely on the subject and has nothing to do with the Subject Teacher. Moreover, there are students who fairly rated their teacher that might affect their performance at school.

There is a student who was bullied in the classroom, a parent who negatively adjudged the education privileges of a child and a student who blatantly disliked the teacher, the number of student in this study with strikingly averse situation from the other student is less significant to negligible percentage.

Furthermore, internal factors are to be the focus in making appropriate actions by the researcher. Giving weight in time management and valuing the virtue of punctuality.


1.      The student should be guided in their time management if the reason is the distance, financial constraints on the fare, traffic load of the route and mode of transportation.

2.      An arranged home visitation to personally confer with the parents or guardians about the situation of the student if the primary reason was financial support for the fare likewise read-through the family ideals in punctuality and the attitude towards Child Education. Same feat will be done to students who are well buffered with extra cash spent for cyber compulsion.

3.      Evaluate the student regarding its learning difficulty to the concerned subject and confer to the subject teacher vis-à-vis the circumstances. Concrete action is to conduct an initial Multiple Intelligence Assessment to every student before the class begins early in June to determine the learning difficulties and or learning styles. Upon verifying the learning styles, the teacher will look into the design of lesson planning to address the situation.

4.      Look into the situation of the peer influence as well as bullying of classmates that might be the reason of deplorable attitude towards learning.

5.      Faithfully device an operant conditioning to give rewards to those who are early comers and reinforce consistency all through-out the school year.

6.      Organize a peer counselor among students. Selected students with venerable outlook in student’s life, behave well in campus, renowned for leadership capability and have a strong interpersonal skill. They will be assigned per “problem-subject” group or individual.

VII.           ACTION

Data to be Collected
Data Analysis/Interpretation
Multiple Intelligence Assessment in June(every school year)
Inner strength, learning difficulties and weaknesses
Time Management lecture/workshop with the students in June (every school year)
Weekly/Daily planner of every student
After the MI Assessment, cull the prospect students (Strong Interpersonal Skills) to be peer counselors and orient them in their assigned task.
Background check and confirmation of the interpersonal skills
Reward Psychology
Early Bird Attendance Report
Student Journal and Process folio
Family values and financial capability

Roxas St., Kidapawan City


Name of Respondent:_________________________________ Year and Section: ____________

Directions: Please check/tick the box that suits your choice of answer provided for each question. Please accomplish honestly all of the questions and the information will be treated highly confidential. There are no wrong answers.

1.      Is Kidapawan City National High School is the only school nearest from your home?

2.      How far is your home from school?

Less than 500 meters
More than 500 meters but less that 1 kilometer
More than 1 kilometer
More than 2 kilometers

3.      What is your mode of transportation?

Motorcycle (owned)
Extended Motorcycle (for hire/rented)
Sent and fetched by family vehicle
Leg Power (walking/hiking)

4.      How long does it takes for you to travel from home to school?

Approximately 10 minutes
Approximately 20 minutes
Approximately 30 minutes
Approximately 45 minutes
Approximately 1 hour
More than 1 hour
5.      How long does it take for you to transfer from one room to another in your next subject period?

Approximately 3 minutes
Approximately 5 minutes
Almost 10 minutes
More than 15 minutes

6.      The subject that I don’t like most was/were; (you can tick more than 1)

Mathematics (Physics, Calculus, Advanced Algebra, etc.)
Araling Panlipunan
None of the above

7.      I don’t like the subject because ;

I don’t like the teacher
I don’t like my classmate/s
Somebody is bullying me from that class
I did not like the subject itself

8.      Time Management for me is;

for the old and mature person
tiresome, boring and redundant daily chore
is a virtue to be valued and kept by students
respecting the time of others
helping me to accomplish many tasks

9.      My parents value my education as;

their only treasure for me to inherit
learning things I needed on my own as they did in the past
an alibi of not helping home chores
just sending me to school like my neighbors do
expensive and sever the daily budget for food and other primary needs

10.  I spend most of my time in;

watching my favorite TV show/s
playing online/LAN game/s
working to earn money to subsidize my education
hanging around with my friends
sending/reading SMS/ talking/chatting with my friends
doing household chores

11.  The reason why I am late in attending my classes;

working with other requirements
distance of the specialization lecture area from my class room
receiving calls/reading /answering text messages
had to finish my snacks/lunch
attending my extra-curricular activities

12.  After almost ten months with the subject I am learning;

I learned a lot of things about it
I am picking informative things about the subject
a thing or two…
nothing and I am not interested at all
to do complacent measures just to pass this subject

13.  I go to bed at;

7:45 pm
8:30 pm
9:00 pm
                          10:00 pm
after midnight

14.  My subject teacher is;

skillful, efficient and effective in teaching the lesson
is good in his/her field of expertise
giving us load of homework/tasks which is beyond our capability
a symbol of authority and tenacious
lackluster and needs inspiration